About mobile and wireless phones(DECT), WiFi and mobile masts

Scientific research concluding that radiation from cell phones, wireless phones(DECT), wireless internet(WiFi) or mobile phone masts poses a health risk

Most of the studies have been publicized in a peer-reviewed scientific journal, which means they have been scrutinized by other experts in the same field. The peer-reviewed studies are marked with
(PubMed)
after the link:

Reports

Kundi, 2008: 10 out of 14 peer-reviewed scientific studies on people exposed to Mobile-Phone mast (cell-tower) radiation show adverse health effects
- 10 out of 14 studies on base stations found significant increases in symptoms (PDF)
- The World Health Organization has some explaining to do
- Neighbours to mobile phone base-stations have a significantly increased risk of getting ill (PDF)

Khurana, 2008: After reviewing more than 100 studies it is concluded that radiation from mobile phones and mobile phone masts poses a bigger threat to humanity than smoking and asbestos
- Cell phones and brain tumors: a review including the long-term epidemiologic data
(PubMed)

- Mobile Phones and Brain Tumors - A Public Health Concern
- Mobiles may be death sentence

The BioInitiative Report, 2007: There might not be a lower limit for electromagnetic radiation and recommends that guideline should be 9000 times LOWER than the current ICNIRP Guideline values. The report is based on more than 2000 scientific articles and documents the connection between electromagnetic radiation and leukemia, brain tumors and Alzheimer's
- The Bioinitiative Report



Czerninski et al, 2011: The total number of parotid gland cancers in Israel increased 4-fold from 1970 to 2006 (from 16 to 64 cases per year)
- Risk of parotid malignant tumors in Israel (1970-2006)
(PubMed)
(Full study)
- New Evidence Identifies Strong Cell Phone Cancer Link
- "Game Changer?" (21. December)
Risk of parotid malignant tumors in Israel 1970-2006
(Click for bigger version - opens in new window)

Havas et al, 2010: People exposed to radiation from a wireless phone (DECT) experienced an irregular heart rate
- New Study: Radiation from Cordless Phone Base Station Affects the Heart
- Provocation study using heart rate variability shows microwave radiation from 2.4 GHz cordless phone affects autonomic nervous system (PDF)

Balmori, 2010: Tadpoles living 140 meters from mobile masts for two months had a mortality rate of 90%, while the control group, which was shielded from the mobile masts inside a Faraday cage, only had a 4% mortality rate
- Mobile phone mast effects on common frog (Rana temporaria) tadpoles: the city turned into a laboratory.
(PubMed)


Ntzouni et al, 2010: Short-term memory in mice is affected by mobile phone radiation
- Short-term memory in mice is affected by mobile phone radiation.
(PubMed)


Kowall et al, 2009: More than a third of German doctors associate electromagnetic radiation with health complaints
- German wide cross sectional survey on health impacts of electromagnetic fields in the view of general practitioners.
(PubMed)


Eberhardt et al, 2008: Two-hour exposures of rats to cell phone radiation resulted in leakage of albumin across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and in neuron damage. The exposure levels were 0.12 mW/kg and 120 mW/kg, the weakest exposure level showed the greatest effect in opening the BBB, and in neuron damage and death
- Blood-brain barrier permeability and nerve cell damage in rat brain 14 and 28 days after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones
(PubMed)

- Cell phones and blood-brain barrier - new study

Nittby et al, 2008: Rats exposed to two hours of mobile phone radiation a week had significantly reduced memory functions
- Cognitive impairment in rats after long-term exposure to GSM-900 mobile phone radiation
(PubMed)

- Mobile phone radiation damages memory: study

Mortazavi et al, 2008: Exposure to mobile-phone radiation or MRI-scan magnetic field significantly accelerated the release of mercury from dental fillings and into the body. Mercury poisoning can lead to electrohypersensitivity, autism, allergies, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's
- Mercury release from dental amalgam restorations after magnetic resonance imaging and following mobile phone use
(PubMed)

- Mobile-phone radiation accelerates mercury release from dental amalgam fillings

Divan et al, 2008: The more pregnant women used a cell phone during pregnancy, the higher the risk that the child would develop behavioral problems later on
- Prenatal and Postnatal Exposure to Cell Phone Use and Behavioral Problems in Children
(PubMed)


Odaci et al, 2008: Development in the brain was stunted in areas associated with memory, stress and depression in embryonic rats exposed to mobil phone radiation
- Effects of prenatal exposure to a 900 Mhz electromagnetic field on the dentate gyrus of rats: a stereological and histopathological study.
(PubMed)

- Turkish Study Indicates That EM Fields Harm Embryonic Rats

Rezk et al, 2008: The heart rate of fetuses went up and the cardiac output went down, after the mother had used a mobile phone for 10 minutes. The researchers concluded that pregnant women should avoid using mobile phones, especially during the first months of pregnancy
- Fetal and neonatal responses following maternal exposure to mobile phones
(PubMed)


Agarwal et al, 2008: Men who used mobile phones a lot showed significant declines in four standard measures of sperm quality, including count, viability, motility and shape, with each falling with increased phone usage
- Effect of cell phone usage on semen analysis in men attending infertility clinic: an observational study
(PubMed)

- Warning to male mobile phone users: chatting too long may cut sperm count

Karinen et al, 2008: Human skin exposed to radiation from a mobile phone altered the protein
- Mobile phone radiation might alter protein expression in human skin
(PubMed)


Landgrebe et al, 2008: Cognitive and neurobiological changes were observed in electrosensitive people exposed to radiation from a mobile phone
- Cognitive and neurobiological alterations in electromagnetic hypersensitive patients: results of a case-control study
(PubMed)


Kimata et al, 2007: Radiation from mobile phones triggered an allergic reaction in people with skin problems
- Enhancement of allergic skin wheal responses by microwave radiation from mobile phones in patients with atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome
(PubMed)

- Mobile phones 'can trigger skin allergies'

Hillert et al, 2007: Mobile phone radiation caused headache, the deep sleep was heavily reduced and the lighter stage 2 sleep increased
- The effects of 884 MHz GSM wireless communication signals on headache and other symptoms: An experimental provocation study
(PubMed)

- Mobile phone radiation wrecks your sleep

Friedman et al, 2007: Mobile phone radiation triggered cancer mechanisms after only 5-10 minutes of exposure
- Mechanism of short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequencies
(PubMed)

- Radiation clue to brain-cell damage by mobiles

Goldsworthy, 2007: Mobile phone radaition caused calcium-ion efflux in cells which significantly alters the intracellular calcium concentrations. This makes the cell membrane porous, resulting in DNA- and chromosome damages
- The Biological Effects of Weak Electromagnetic Fields (PDF)

Sadetzki et al, 2007: Heavy cell phone users were subject to a 50% higher risk of benign and malignant tumors of the salivary gland -- the risk increases with the distance from the mobile phone masts
- Cellular Phone Use and Risk of Benign and Malignant Parotid Gland Tumors-A Nationwide Case-Control Study
(PubMed)


Abdel-Rassoul et al, 2007: People living under and opposite a mobile phone mast suffered from headache (23.5%), memory changes (28.2%), dizziness (18.8%), tremors (9.4%), depressive symptoms (21.7%), and sleep disturbance (23.5%) significantly more than controls: (10%), (5%), (5%), (0%), (8.8%) and (10%), respectively. Revision of standard guidelines for public exposure to radiation from mobile phone masts and early detection of biological effects among inhabitants around the stations are recommended
- Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations
(PubMed)


Gandhi G, 2005: Users of cell phones had 4 times more DNA damage, than people who had never used cell phones. Some of the participants complained about sleeplessness, memory loss, less attentivity and heart pain
- Genetic damage in mobile phone users: some preliminary findings

Lee et al, 2005: Human cells exposed to radiation from a wireless network, also known as WiFi, showed severe damages in the DNA: 221 genes altered their expression after a 2 hour exposure, increasing to 759 after 6 hours
- 2.45 GHz radio frequency fields alter gene expression in cultured human cells
(PubMed)

- France National Library gives-up WiFi

Adlkofer et al, 2004: 12 institutes from seven countries exposed living cells to radio frequency- and microwave radiation at intensities far below the international ICNIRP guidelines for mobile phone mast safety, resulting in changes and damage to the DNA and protein. This confirmed that the use of mobile phones and exposure to electromagnetic fields might lead to permanent damage to the DNA
- REFLEX: Risk Evaluation of Potential Environmental Hazards from Low Energy Electromagnetic Field Exposure Using Sensitive in vitro Methods

Bortkiewicz et al, 2004: People living in the vicinity of mobile phone masts reported complaints of the circulatory system, sleep disturbances, irritability, depression, blurred vision, concentration difficulties, nausea, lack of appetite, headache and vertigo
- Subjective symptoms reported by people living in the vicinity of cellular phone base stations: review
(PubMed)


Wolf et al, 2004: People who had been living in proximity to a mobile phone mast between 3 to 7 years had a four fold chance of getting cancer
- Increased incidence of cancer near a cellphone transmitter station (PDF)

Eger et al, 2004: Cancer risk trebled for people living up to 400 m from mobile phone masts
- Influence of the spatial proximity of mobile phone base stations on cancer rates (PDF)

Salford et al, 2003: Rats were exposed to the radiation from a mobile equivalent to speaking for two hours daily. After 50 days the exposed rat brains showed multiple spots of albumin leaking out from the blood vessels because the blood brain barrier had been broken and extensive nerve damages
- Nerve cell damage in mammalian brain after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones
(PubMed)
- Full study

Cross-section of central parts of the brain of (A) an unexposed control rat and (B) an RF EMF-exposed rat, both stained for albumin, which appears brown. In (A), albumin is visible in the central inferior parts of the brain (the hypothalamus), which is a normal feature. In (B), albumin is visible in multiple small foci representing leakage from many vessels. Magnification, about x3.

Kramarenko et al, 2003: Brainwave activity(EEG) changed after only 20-40 seconds of exposure to mobile phone radiation, the effect went away after 15-20 minutes. The brainwave activity of children changed faster than adults
- Effects of high-frequency electromagnetic fields on human EEG: a brain mapping study
(PubMed)


Hardell et al, 2003: People who have been using mobile phones or cordless phones (DECT), even for a very short period, have a significantly higher risk of getting brain cancer
- Pooled analysis of two case-control studies on use of cellular and cordless telephones and the risk for malignant brain tumors diagnosed in 1997-2003
(PubMed)

- A graphical presentation of the results

Navarro et al, 2003: A health survey of people living in the vicinity of a mobile phone mast showed significant correlation between the severity of the symptoms and the measured power density
- The Microwave Syndrome: A Preliminary Study in Spain (PDF)

Santini et al, 2002: People living near mobile phone masts suffered increasingly from tiredness, headache, sleep disturbance, discomfort, irritability, depression, loss of memory, dizziness, libido decrease, nausea, loss of appetite, discomfort and visual perturbations etc. the closer they lived to a cellular phone base station
- Investigation on the health of people living near mobile telephone relay stations: I/Incidence according to distance and sex
(PubMed)


Kwee et al, 1998: Human cells exposed to radiation from a mobile phone showed decreased growth rate
- Changes in cell proliferation due to environmental non-ionizing radiation 2. Microwave radiation

Magras et al, 1997: Mice became less fertile after exposure to low intensity radiation from mobile phone masts. The mice were not able to reproduce after 5 generations
- RF radiation-induced changes in the prenatal development of mice
(PubMed)


Lai et al, 1996: 2 hours of exposure to mobile phone radiation caused DNA to break in the exposed rat brains
- Single- and double-strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells after acute exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic radiation
(PubMed)
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